Prayer Rug - Technique and Styles
Bursa, Anatolia; end 19th c.;
A saph prayer rug (saph in Turkish means row). As well as prayer rugs with a single niche there were larger ones with a row of niches one beside the other (the saph motif), and more rarely one above the other. These were used when a number of people were at prayer.
Since Muslim families did not usually pray together, the women being apart from the men, such mats were usually given to the mosque. They have been produced ever since the 15th c. but because of their great popularity production increased greatly in the 19th and 20th c