(late 16th-early 17th c.)
The High Renaissance spread through Europe displacing the remnants of Gothic. The Renaissance belief in the domination of man in the universe was shaken by the endless religious wars (the Lutheran Reformation), and the Sack of Rome 1527 marked the beginning of a period of anxiety and uncertainty.
The psychogram of an uneasy time found deep expression in art and in Mannerism, the style that replaced the High Renaissance. Some of the actors of that period, even some of the leaders of political development and military campaigns of the time, are seen in the portraits exhibited here.